Download A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early by Akira Hirakawa PDF

By Akira Hirakawa

The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume background. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* ahead of Nagarjuna*
and contains the classes on which Hirakawa did so much of his personal previous study. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important experiences on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A learn of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A learn of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These reviews, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, validated his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional background. This learn used to be relatively vital in his
formulation of a brand new idea of the increase of Mahayana *. by means of concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied vital proof for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.

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Additional info for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna

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T h e six are callcd P a r a n a KaSyapaj M a s k a r in G oS altpuira, Ajita K c£akam h ala, K a k u d a K a ty a y a n a , S an jay in V aira^L p utta. a n d N irg ra n th a JriatTp u tra . O n e o f the p rim a ry co n cern s o f ihese irajtmtuu w as w h e th e r m oral actions would hav e a n y tlfec t o n ihe person w ho perfo rm ed (hem , T h e first h etero do x leacher, P tira n a , a rg u ed that good a n d bad actions had no p a rtic u la r effect on ihe p erso n who p e rfo rm e d th e m H e d en ied morality, a rg u in g thai even if a person m u rd e re d a n d stole, his aciions cou ld not necessarily be co n sidered b a d since they resulted in no m oral effects.

T h e religion fou nd ed by the B u d d h a included a teach in g, the elim ination o f suffering, th at tra n sc e n d e d th e co n cern s o f a n y p a rtic u la r tribe. T h r o u g h m ed itatio n the B u d d h a realized the wisdom th at accompa^ nies e n lig h te n m e n t. Traditionally, he is said to hav e rcaJizcd enlighienm e n t th ro u g h the cu ltiv atio n o f the F o u r T ra n c e s a n d the T h reefo ld Studies. E n lig h te n m e n t, how ever, is not equivalent to the F o u r T ra n c e s , T r a n c e {dhydna; C h , ching /u lqu iet e o n te m plat io n ’) is only one type o f m ed itatio n It was called a com fo rtab le w ay to attain e n lig h te n ­ m e n t because the p ra c titio n e r sits in a full-lotus position with the body in a com fo rtable position.

T h e y a re called the Six H e te ro d o x Teachers. Lach was (he Leader (ganin) o f a g ro u p o f disciples. T h e six are callcd P a r a n a KaSyapaj M a s k a r in G oS altpuira, Ajita K c£akam h ala, K a k u d a K a ty a y a n a , S an jay in V aira^L p utta. a n d N irg ra n th a JriatTp u tra . O n e o f the p rim a ry co n cern s o f ihese irajtmtuu w as w h e th e r m oral actions would hav e a n y tlfec t o n ihe person w ho perfo rm ed (hem , T h e first h etero do x leacher, P tira n a , a rg u ed that good a n d bad actions had no p a rtic u la r effect on ihe p erso n who p e rfo rm e d th e m H e d en ied morality, a rg u in g thai even if a person m u rd e re d a n d stole, his aciions cou ld not necessarily be co n sidered b a d since they resulted in no m oral effects.

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