By Lauren Benton
A look for Sovereignty maps a brand new method of global background by means of reading the relation of legislation and geography in eu empires among 1400 and 1900. Lauren Benton argues that Europeans imagined imperial area as networks of corridors and enclaves, and they built sovereignty in ways in which merged principles approximately geography and legislation. Conflicts over treason, piracy, convict transportation, martial legislation, and crime created abnormal areas of legislation, whereas additionally attaching criminal meanings to universal geographic different types akin to rivers, oceans, islands, and mountains. The ensuing criminal and spatial anomalies encouraged debates approximately imperial constitutions and foreign legislations either within the colonies and at domestic. This unique learn alterations our realizing of empire and its legacies and opens new views at the worldwide heritage of legislation.
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Additional resources for A Search for Sovereignty: Law and Geography in European Empires, 1400-1900
52 But comparisons faltered. ” Columbus worried that “a thousand tongues would not suffice” to describe the place. 54 Identifying singularities in nature was in some ways very similar to drawing attention to marvels and prodigies, those oddities that defined norms and appeared to multiply at the margins of the civilized world. 55 In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the new prominence in both European natural philosophy and European 51 52 53 54 55 History and the Collection of Curiosities in the Spanish Empire,” in Bleichmar, Science in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires: 1500–1800, 271–289, 287.
Carl Schmitt, whose approach to global law will be discussed in Chapter 6, has argued that the “bracketing” of violence outside Europe permitted the founding of an international legal community within Europe. The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of the Jus Publicum Europeaum (New York: Telos Press, 2003). Eliga Gould traces the shifts within an Atlantic legal regime from the period when the “lines of amity” marked a division between a zone of negotiated peace and a zone of war to a brief period around the time of the Seven Years’ War, when European discourse highlighted the savagery of Indian warfare, to a period after the war when the distinction between European and outer-Atlantic legal practices became less sharp.
Natural philosophers sought to devise rules that would explain both regular and irregular features while at the same time increasingly championing a view of nature as stubbornly productive of anomaly – as Bacon put it, “full of . . ”59 This background to an emerging imperial geographic imagination was deeply influenced in theory and in practice by law as an epistemological framework. 61 56 57 58 59 60 61 Daston and Park, Wonders and the Order of Nature, chap. 4. On the emergence of a “knowledge .