By Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk
This publication provides significant demanding situations and possibilities dealing with agriculture sectors within the wake of the transition from a deliberate to marketplace financial system. utilizing Albania as a case learn, it examines the shift from communism to unfastened markets and the lasting results of such switch on agricultural creation and schooling. utilizing basic examine assets to offer readers a correct portrayal of the trail that lies forward for lots of constructing nations, the ebook additionally seems to be on the way forward for agriculture in transitioning economies.
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Extra resources for Agricultural Markets in a Transitioning Economy: An Albanian Case Study
More than 19,000 large agricultural units belonging to large landowners and religious institutions were expropriated. , 2002; Sabates-Wheeler and Waite, 2003). As a result of this expropriation, during the period 1945–1946 the share of land belonging to the large and middle-class landowners shrank from 52% to 16% of the total agricultural land. However, possession of this land by farmers did not last because redistribution was followed immediately by the collectivization and then the nationalization of all Albanian land.
However, in some parts of the country, land was distributed according to community consensus, respecting the precollectivization land boundaries. The land reform of 1991 has been, in many ways, one of the most important land reforms of the 20th century in Albania. It remains one of the most radical reforms in the former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe, with the highest level of de-collectivization and individual privatization, including the distribution of state farms, giving modest attention to pre-1945 owner’s claims (Deininger, 2003; World Bank, 2011).
Interviews with real estate companies support this evidence, as for the period of 2009–2011, land sale price for agriculture varied from 1 million ALL/ha in hilly land or lowland distant from the urban center, to 3-4 million ALL/ha for the lowland areas that are in the fertile southwest and southeast plains, which tend to border the urban areas. The price is higher if land is under irrigation as it increases the production potentials. 6 million ALL/ha, which is a kind of price ceiling for the land market in lowland areas.