Download Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional by United Nations PDF

By United Nations

The targets of the learn are to map and examine current exchange agreements within the zone and their product assurance, rather agricultural items, in addition to linked tariff and non-tariff boundaries and to derive implications and proposals and directions for alternate coverage negotiations. It comprises either quantitative and qualitative analyses of liberalization efforts within the region of agricultural exchange, which came about in parallel to negotiations on agricultural exchange liberalization within the context of Doha improvement schedule. It offers an up to date, trustworthy account of preferential alternate in Asia with appreciate to agriculture. The research additionally includes a overview of agricultural reform in China.

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Read or Download Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade PDF

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Extra resources for Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade

Example text

A All tariff rates are based on unweighted averages for all goods in ad valorem rates, applied rates or MFN rates whichever data is available for a longer period. Tariff data are primarily based on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development TRAINS database, with WTO IDB data used for filling gaps, where possible. Data for the 1980s are taken from other sources. b Tariff data in these countries came from the IMF Global Monitoring Tariff file in 2004, and might include other duties or charges.

0 Iran, Islamic Rep. 0 31 Annex table 1. b. value, and the process of manufacture is performed within the territory of the exporting Contracting Party. b. b. value of the products produced or obtained, and the final process of manufacture is performed within the territory of the exporting Contracting State (70 per cent for LDC State. and 65 per cent for Sri Lanka). b Non-originating materials shall be considered to be sufficiently worked or processed when the product obtained is classified in a heading, at the four-digit level, of the HCDCS, different from those in which all the non-originating materials used in its manufacture are classified.

Figure I. Share of merchandise exports, 1995-1999 Sri Lanka 23 Pakistan 54 15 India 71 20 Bangladesh 14 28 52 11 0 23 79 20 40 10 60 80 100 Percentage Agr. exports Source: Textile and cloth Other Anderson (2002). In order to obtain desirable benefits from liberal trade, the SAEs have placed greater emphasis on achieving macroeconomic stability. In addition to tariff protection, exchange rate policies as well as monetary and fiscal policies are employed in order to obtain direct and indirect protection for imports and exports.

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