By David L. Martin
During this thorough revision of the 1975 variation, the writer has extra fabric at the 1983 legislative districts, election legislation alterations, black political participation, implementation of the unified judicial method, the 1982 urban supervisor act, crusade finance, and the expansion of political motion committees, whereas retaining the structure that made the sooner research so precious. Retained are the cautious definition of phrases, the reason of recommendations, and the examples that have been one of the strengths of the 1st variation.
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Additional info for Alabama's state & local governments
In 1960, for the first time, a majority of Alabamians lived in urban areas (designated by the census as places of over 2,500 people). Today 60% of Alabamians live in urban areas, compared to 75% of all Americans. The effect of these population factors will be examined in a following section on priorities and problems facing the state. Page 8 The Economy: Wealth and Resources Alabama remains one of the poorer states in terms of personal income, even within the southeastern region. 2 shows the range of Alabama household incomes compared with those of its neighbors.
Urban Growth. The United States Census Bureau defines metropolitan growth in terms of Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), consisting of a county or group of contiguous counties that include a central city (or adjacent twin cities) with a population of at least 50,000 or an urbanized area with a total population of at least 100,000. 6. Additional MSAs may be designated if there is future urban growth. The political significance of MSAs is that these areas are eligible to receive federal aid targeted to metropolitan areas.
The 155 delegates to the 1901 convention enacted the most restrictive qualifications for voting: lengthy residency requirements in the state and election districts; good character as defined by lawful occupation and by never having been convicted of any of thirty specified crimes (including wife beating); and ability to read and write the United States Constitution, expanded by the 1946 Boswell amendment to an understanding test, meaning complicated questions which could be administered in a discriminatory manner.