By D. Suba Chandran, P. R. Chari
This e-book examines the key armed conflicts in South Asia. The articles examine clash administration, examine the course the armed clash is probably going to take and supply a suite of other measures that may be pursued by way of the actors.
Designed as an annual sequence, the articles offer a quick historic cartoon of the emergence of armed clash, outlining its numerous stages. This quantity examines a number of the armed conflicts in South Asia in 2009 – in Afghanistan, FATA and NWFP, J&K, North-East India, Nepal and Sri Lanka,
and sectarian and Naxalite violence in Pakistan and India respectively. the amount additionally comprises an particular bankruptcy at the carrying on with tale of suicide terrorism in Pakistan.
This very important assortment discusses India’s geo-strategic value and its universal borders with its neighbours; the mental and monetary charges of violence and the matter of refugee migrants; treaties, memorandums and ceasefire agreements signed over the last a number of years throughout international locations; the function of the United countries and different peacekeeping forces; and the way forward for failed and failing states.
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Additional info for Armed Conflicts in South Asia 2010 : Growing Left-wing Extremism and Religious Violence
The present conflict in Afghanistan includes an array of new actors—intervening counter-insurgent state (United Statesled OEF) and its coalition partners (NATO-ISAF), foreign terrorists with transnational links (Al-Qaeda and its affiliates), international institutions, non-governmental organizations, media and others. The Taliban–Al-Qaeda symbiotic relationship provides the Al-Qaeda with a local partner (Taliban), which has developed links with various non-state armed groups in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The huge array of Talibanaffiliated groups—warlords, narcotics traffickers and organized criminals—involved in the drug trade have formed cross-border networks, enabling an easy flow of drugs from Afghanistan into Central Asia, Iran, Pakistan, China and India. The Taliban insurgents make an estimated US$100–200 million annually by taxing opium poppy production and trafficking. Thus, a fall in opium production is critical for shrinking the war chest of the insurgents. In 2009, opium cultivation in Afghanistan decreased by 22 per cent, from 157,000 hectares in 2008 to 123,000 hectares.
Troop Surge In early 2009, President Obama approved the sending of 17,000 US troops adding to the existing 38,000 troops in Afghanistan. ’43 Another 30,000 US forces, mostly to be in place by August 2010, are also being added following the December 2009 West Point speech by President Obama. Most of these forces are being deployed in southern Afghanistan, where a shortage of US and NATO forces to hold ground had crippled the CoIn and counter-narcotics efforts. Along with several thousand more soldiers from other countries the number of Western troops in Afghanistan was expected to reach 100,000.